Lithuanian Tourism Attractions

Lithuanian Tourism Attractions

1. Introduction

Statistics of 2016 showed that 1.49 million tourists from foreign countries visited Lithuania and spent at least one night in the country.

The total contribution of Travel & Tourism to country GDP was EUR 2,005.5mn, 5.3% of GDP in 2016, and is forecast to rise by 7.3% in 2017. Hot air ballooning is very popular in Lithuania, especially in Vilnius and Trakai. Bicycle tourism is growing, especially in Lithuanian Seaside Cycle Route. EuroVelo routes EV10, EV11, EV13 go through Lithuania. Total length of bicycle tracks amounts to 3769 km (of which 1988 km is asphalt pavement) [1].

Nemunas Delta Regional Park and Žuvintas biosphere reserve are known for birdwatching [2].

In 2017, 1,4 million foreign tourists arrived to Lithuania [3]. Historical legacy of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, pristine nature, seaside and SPA resorts are the main attraction points of Lithuania. Domestic tourism is also highly popular – in 2018 it grew by 12% percent. Lithuanians also prefer to spend their vacations in Lithuania – 70 percent [4].

Domestic tourism has been on the rise as well. Currently there are up to 1000 places of attraction in Lithuania. Most tourists visit the big cities—Vilnius, Klaipėda, and Kaunas, seaside resorts, such as Neringa, Palanga, and Spa towns – Druskininkai, Birštonas [5].

 

Most visitors arriving to Lithuania on short term basis in are from the following countries of nationality:

2. Major attractive in lithuania

2.1. National parks

Protected areas established for the preservation of natural and cultural features.

Aukštaitija National Park
Žemaitija National Park
Kuršių Nerija National Park
Dzūkija National Park
Trakai Historical National Park

2.2. UNESCO World Heritage Sites

Kernavė – ancient capital of Lithuania, a complex of historical hillforts and an archeological site, called “Troy of Lithuania”

Curonian Spit – the resort and nature reserve.

Vilnius Old Town – the old capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, is among the largest historical centres in Europe.

2.3. Resorts

2.3.1. Seaside resorts

Palanga – the summer capital of Lithuania with sandy beaches

Nida – a world heritage site with unique nature

Juodkrantė – a resort in Neringa

2.3.2. Spa towns

Birštonas – a balneological resort and a spa town, surrounded by pine forests.
Druskininkai – a developed spa town with the largest water park in the Eastern Europe, the Snow Arena – one of the biggest indoor skiing slopes in Europe. The Water Park and the Snow Arena connected with the cable car [7].

Figure 2. Curonian Lagoon in Nida

2.4. Pilgrimage sites

Lithuania has many holy sites, especially in Samogitia, which are worth a visit. Major pilgrimage sites:

Gate of Dawn (Vilnius)
Hill of Crosses, (Samogitia)
Žemaičių Kalvarija, (Samogitia)
Šiluva, (Samogitia)
2.5. Military heritage

The country has some military sites left and may be very interesting place as a place of militarism heritage tourism. It might be interesting for anyone who is interested in history of the warfare or the Cold War. Major militarism heritage sites in Lithuania:

Kaunas Fortress, a massive system of forts built around Kaunas during the Russian Empire rule in the 19th century
Former Soviet Nuclear launch site near Žemaičių Kalvarija in Samogitia [8].

Figure 3. Žemaičių Kalvarija Church.

2.6. Bicycle tourism

Bicycle tourism is growing, especially in Lithuanian Seaside Cycle Route. EuroVelo routes EV10, EV11, EV13 go through Lithuania. Total length of bicycle tracks amounts to 3769 km (of which 1988 km is asphalt pavement). Most known bicycle routes are: Nemunas River Cycle Route, Suvalkija Cycle Circuit, Lithuanian Seaside Cycle Route. Most of the Tourism information centres and national parks have their local thematic bicycle route plans.

Figure 4. Signage for EuroVelo 11, Vilnius, Lithuania.

2.7. Museums

Museums include:

Lithuanian Museum of Ethnocosmology
Palanga Amber Museum
Vilnius Amber Museum-Gallery
Palace of the Grand Dukes of Lithuania
Church Heritage Museum
Lithuanian Museum of Ancient Beekeeping
National Gallery of Art
M. K. Čiurlionis National Art Museum
Vytautas the Great War Museum
National Museum of Lithuania
Vilnius Castle Complex
Vilnius Picture Gallery
Museum of Occupations and Freedom Fights
Lithuanian Aviation Museum
MO Museum – Museum of modern and contemporary Lithuanian art
Tartle – Museum of Lithuanian art heritage and artefacts.
Klaipėda Clock and Watch Museum
Šiauliai Photography Museum

Source
[1] “The Geography of Tourism of Central and Eastern European Countries”. Books.google.lt. Retrieved 5 May 2018.

[2] “Fatbirder. Lithuania”. Fatbirder.com. Retrieved 5 May 2018.

[3] “Turistų skaičius Lietuvoje augo dešimtadaliu, daugiausiai lankėsi vokiečių”. vz.lt. Retrieved 24 November 2018.

[4] “Tyrimas: 70% lietuvių ilgąsias atostogas leidžia Lietuvoje, 27% nuomojasi būstą iš privačių asmenų Plačiau: https://www.vz.lt/paslaugos/2018/12/17/tyrimas-70-lietuviu-ilgasias-atostogas-leidzia-lietuvoje-27-nuomojasi-busta-is-privaciu-asmenu#ixzz5Zx22TjrN”. www.vz.lt. Retrieved 17 December 2018.

[5] “Turizmas Lietuvoje 2016” tourism.lt. Retrieved 18 February 2018.

[6] Number of guests and overnights in Lithuanian accommodation establishments. ‘000. All markets. 2015–2016

[7] “Druskininkai Cable Car”. lynukelias.lt. Retrieved 2 June 2018.

[8] Žemaitijos nacionalinio parko teritorijoje veikiantys muziejai Archived 8 May 2007 at the Wayback Machine.

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