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1. Introduction

Dzūkija National Park is the largest protected area in Lithuania (697 km2) and the country's most extensive forest (91% of the park area is forested, mainly with pines).

In order to preserve the unique natural and cultural features of the Dzūkija ethnocultural region, a dense network of protected territories has been formed in the Park’s territory. The Park is divided into four functional zones: conservational, protective, recreational, and economic (commercial). The conservational zone, which occupies an area of 26,580 hectares (47.5% of the park’s territory), consists of three reservations and 28 reserves: eight landscape reserves, 16 nature reserves, and four cultural reserves.

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1. Introduction

 Kaunas University of Technology had its beginning on 16 February 1922, when the University of Lithuania and its technical faculties were established.

The development of Lithuanian scientific ideas continued in the first Lithuanian independent technical school of higher education (in 1950–1990 titled Kaunas Polytechnic Institute (KPI)). It was famous for the ultrasound and vibrotechnics laboratories, and scientific research of textiles.

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1. Introduction

Kuršių nerija, the Curonian Spit, is a narrow strip of sand stretching 97 kilometres along the Baltic Sea in western Lithuania. According to the legend, the spit was formed a long time ago by Neringa, a girl giant who poured the sandy peninsula into the Baltic Sea to protect the peaceful bay from the stormy sea and create an embankment for fishermen to live. Thus, today the eastern shores of the Curonian Spit are washed by the Curonian Lagoon, while the Baltic Sea washes the western ones.

In 2000, the Curonian Spit cultural landscape was inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Human habitation on this elongated sand dune peninsula dates back to prehistoric times. Throughout this period it has been threatened by the natural forces of wind and waves. Its survival to the present days has been made possible only as a result of ceaseless human efforts to combat the erosion of the Spit, dramatically illustrated by continuing stabilization and reforestation projects.

The area of the park is 26 464 hectares: 9 764 ha are covered by land, and 16700 ha by water.

The Curonian Spit is part of “Natura 2000”, a network of protected territories in Europe, connecting its most valuable natural habitats. It is also belongs to HELCOM, which seeks to protect the marine environment of the Baltic Sea through intergovernmental cooperation.

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Forget football. In Lithuania, the national sport is basketball.

 

The home of 10 players who made it into America's basketball league, the NBA, Lithuania is a country where kids grow up shooting for the basket rather than the goal.

There are several basketball schools in every major town and physical education in schools usually ends up in a basketball game.

 

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